J. Christopher Beck & Mark S. Fox
In realistic scheduling problems, there may be choices among resources or among process plans. We formulate a constraint-based representation of alternative activities to model problems containing such choices. We extend existing constraint-directed scheduling heuristic commitment techniques and propagators to reason directly about the fact that an activity does not necessarily have to exist in a final schedule. Experimental results show that an algorithm using a novel texture-based heuristic commitment technique together with extended edge-finding propagators achieves the best overall performance of the techniques tested.
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